Millions are at Risk

The education system in Morocco faces major faults that many believe are irreparable. While more than 95% of children within the appropriate age are enrolled in primary school, less than 15% graduate from high school. The dropout rate among young students is so high that only 53% of students in middle school continue on to high school. Children are subject to a poorly structured curriculum, in which the attempt at a multi- lingual teaching is embedded; this method not only has been poorly executed, but has caused a drop in literacy. Morocco has shown recent improvements and a desire to better the lives of its people, however it’s limited resources and economics means prevent rapid improvement. Economic and influential assistance from the U.S would help Morocco by saving the lives of many and giving people an opportunity to live a comfortable life of the streets of Morocco.
Illiteracy is one of the primary contributors to Morocco’s poor education system. In response to the immensity of the problems in education, the Moroccan government has made efforts within the past ten years to stop illiteracy, because of these efforts a gradual increase in literacy was made. However illiteracy remains to be problematic. In the year 2012, The National Agency For Illiteracy Diminishing stated, “10 million Moroccan men and women are illiterate”. Although more common in adults over the age of fifty (61.1%), the illiteracy rate in Morocco has for many years been high in comparison to developed countries. Morocco World News demonstrates the immensity of the issue Moroccans are facing through statistics gathered from The Moroccan High Commissioner for Planning Ahmed Lahlimi. Rural areas in October of 2015 had an illiteracy rate of 41.7%, more urban areas had an average of 22.2% illiteracy. Finally statistics gathered from the total population concluded that 41.9 % of women are illiterate while 22.2% of men are illiterate. Illiteracy in Morocco has also proven to be dependent upon the given region. More Southern areas such as Laâyoune (located in the Sakia el Hamra region) which has a rate of 20.3 percent and Dakhla-Oued Ed Dahab has 23.9 percent. Béni Mellal-Khénifra, however, has the highest rate of illiteracy at 38.7 percent illiteracy.
Given the recent decrease in illiteracy compared to Morocco’s statistics from previous years, the government has established a system focused around points. Their aim is to earn a total of ten points within a span of five years. Morocco’s Ministry of Culture and Communication writes, two points amounts to teaching literacy skills to 1.1 million people, costing the Moroccan government tremendous efforts in collaborating with different partners to better its peoples education. After the National Education and Training Charter’s (CNEF) goal to reduce Moroccan illiteracy to less than 20% by 2010 failed, it’s new goal to eradicate illiteracy by 2024 was made. Lahlimi states that rates have dropped 10% within ten years. Such advancements have proven to be critical to the country’s overall well being and chances of opportunity. The Global Education Monitoring Report writes, “educated mothers are less likely to die in childbirth by two-thirds and that child mortality would be reduced by a sixth. Literacy plays an important role in mortality rates through the ability to read.”. The author suggests that Morocco not only lacks the ability to deliver traditional education, but health education such as sexual health is lacking, causing unwanted pregnancies and lack of health awareness as well. By establishing a stable education system in which more kids are kept in school and off the streets, and one in which people are educated in all aspects of life, not only would kids have more potential opportunities in the workplace, but Morocco would benefit form a more prosperous and stable country in which equal opportunity and overall health is established. However, Morocco can’t reach such a goal on it’s own.
It’s in the United States best interest to involve itself in Morocco’s educational crisis. By supporting a reconstruction of the curriculum and providing aid, Morocco’s goal of significantly diminishing its iliteracy rate by the year of 2024 wouldn’t be so unattainable. Ultimately saving the lives of many, the U.S should not only feel that they must be involved in what some would refer to as an unjust fate for Moroccan citizens and is purely good, but feel proud to involve itself in something that for the past decade has demonstrated small success. Undertaking a reform alongside Morocco has the potential to save and improve the lives of many people who have earned the right to learn through struggle and hardship.

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