All posts by josh

Overfishing in France

Overfishing is a severe issue to deal with in France. Overfishing is the depletion of fish in a body of water/area of water due to fishing. The number of overfished waters has gone up 200% in the past half-century with ⅓ of studied fish being caught more than they can reproduce. On December 9, 2014, the United Nations passed resolutions that possessed significant steps in reducing overfishing. However, the delegate of the European Union was upset because not enough was said to protect marine mammals.

The resolution does do more to support data collection research. France has been in favor of the 1995 Agreement for the Implementation of the Provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982 relating to the Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks, and Related Instruments (document A/69/L.30.) One of the biggest problems with the fishing industry is that most information is on paper thus complicated to share. Also, the information that can be shared is not being shared. The United Nations Commission for Europe’s aim is to “promote standards for exchange of information related to fishery activities, share experiences on development and implementation issues, and facilitate and support the implementation of these standards worldwide.” This information standard is a significant step toward healthier waters. France is also in the European Union and is expected the end overfishing by 2020. Fishing pressure in the North East Atlantic has halved in the past 20 years, but they are still over the union standard. France has to fight the lack of information they have. Currently, less than 10% of all fisheries in Europe have an estimate for their biomass and due to different benchmarks created 24-56% of all EU fish stocks do not meet union standards. While France has gone along with the overfishing promises, it is getting nervous. France teamed up with Italy and Spain back in December of 2018 to push back the EU deadline. They want to end overfishing by 2025 instead of 2020. In addition to this France wants to reduce the number of days at sea by 10%, not 90%.

While the Mediterranean is one of the most overfished regions on the Earth, France needs more time to ease the fishing industries into the new regulations. To fix overfishing, France is willing to end overfishing in its waters by 2025 at the earliest and 2030 at the latest. France would like more information to be collected on biomass of streams in highly fished areas and for the international community to end overfishing by 2030. France is willing to give more time, till 2035, to China, Peru, Chile, Japan, Russia, Indonesia, the United States, Thailand, and India due to their large number of fish that are caught every year. France would like to fund applicable NGOs such as American Cetacean Society, Endangered Seas Campaign, Greenpeace – Oceans Campaign, International Marine Mammal Association, and Marine Conservation Biology Institute.