All posts by gjohnston

Mexico & Drugs

The Mexican Drug Cartel, created in 2006, has been generating many problems for Mexico as a country.  This discussion focuses on the urbanization of drugs in Mexican States. The urbanization of drugs impacts Mexico in many ways, but tourism is at the top of the list.  The dangers that arise in Mexico due to drugs greatly affects the tourism, and more-so, the revenue generated from tourism. Due to the dangers that exist in Mexico, the U.S. State Department has instituted a system that is devised of four levels of danger in foreign states to warn American travelers of the dangers in foreign countries.  Level 1 means that there is not much to warn travelers about; there isn’t much conflict in a foreign country or state. Level 2    means that there is increased warning directed to travelers when traveling to a foreign country or state. Level 3 means that travelers should reconsider their decision to vacation in a foreign country or state. Finally, Level 4 highly advises travelers to steer clear of the foreign country or state, as it is very dangerous.

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There are 31 Mexican states; as a whole, the country is rated at a Level 2.  Level 2 means that American tourists should have increased caution when traveling to Mexico (  This discussion focuses on Playa Del Carmen, Mexico City, Jalisco, and Colima.  All of these Mexican states range from Level 2 to Level 4 travel warnings.


Playa del Carmen is a very popular Mexican tourist sight, especially for college students around Spring Break.  In February of 2018, a ferry exploded in Playa Del Carmen. The explosion ultimately prohibited U.S. Government employees or officials from travelling on ferries in Mexico; private transportation is required.  The explosion injured 25 people, but did not kill anyone. While some fingers point to Mexican drug gangs as being responsible for the incident, terrorism has been ruled out. To date, no one has been convicted of the crime.  Due to this incident, the U.S. State Department has categorized Playa Del Carmen as a Level 2 for danger. (

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Mexico City is another popular destination in Mexico. (  An article states that in Mexico City, alone, there are over 20,000 places to buy drugs from undercover or well-hidden drug gangs (  Drugs are being sold everywhere in Mexico City, such as small grocery stores, football fields, and apartment buildings.  Overall, the sales of drugs have increased from 200 places to 3,000 in the past five years. This overgrowth has increased in homicides.  The state is rated as a Level 2 by the U.S. State Department.


Jalisco, Mexico is rated by the U.S. State Department at Level 3.  While U.S. citizens are highly advised to not go to Jalisco, U.S. government employees are under strict instruction if they are to stay in the Mexican state for work. (  Jalisco is also home to the Jalisco Cartel, a Mexican Drug Cartel group that is infamous for horrible kidnappings and killings (  Most recently, the gang was involved in a mass shooting of 15 Jalisco police officers back in 2015.  Months later, the gang acted again and shot down a military helicopter. The gang has access to many military grade weapons.  Overall, Jalisco is considered a dangerous city, and not recommended for tourism.

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Colima, Mexico is known as the fourth smallest Mexican state.  Recently, it has gotten the reputation for being controlled by drug cartels and crime.  Drug cartels are fighting for the territory to easily important synthetic drugs in and out of Mexico (  Colima, Mexico has been rated by the U.S. State Department as a Level 4. The state cautions that no one travels there (  U.S. State Department officials must abide under strict rules if they are to travel to the state.  Some of these rules include not attending adult entertainment clubs or participating in any kind of gambling.  At Level 4, Colima is considered an extremely dangerous territory for tourism and travel.


Mexico is often considered a popular vacationing country.  Over the years, it has become increasingly dangerous, impacting its ability to generate income via tourism.  The U.S. State Departments levels its individual states from Levels 1 to 4; 1 being safe, 4 being extremely dangerous.  Playa Del Carmen, Mexico City, Jalisco, and Colima range from Levels 2 to 4 in safety. Although none are classified at Level 1, Playa Del Carmen and Mexico City are considered the safest, ranked at Level 2.  While Jalisco and Colima are ranked at 3 and 4, respectively, travel there is scarce. Mexico’s drug urbanization is greatly impacting tourism and ultimately Mexico’s ability to produce an ample income.

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Sebastian Kurz: The Youngest Conservative in the World

Sebastian Kurz, the newly elected leader in Austria, is the youngest leader in the world as of right now.  He is 31-years-old.  Back in 2013, Kurz was elected the Foreign Minister at the age of 27.

During Austria’s most recent elections, Kurz took the role as leader for the right wing, conservative party, the People’s Party.  This group’s popularity took up to 31% of the likeability votes during the election.  The People’s Party had an attraction towards Sebastian Kurz already, because he held similar views to them.

Kurz is known as a “go getter”, as well as slick and opportunistic.  He’s young and determined, which is what draws the public to him.  After being elected, Kurz said: “It is my assignment to change this country…I will establish a new style in our country.”  Kurz plans to send the country into a ring wing and conservative direction.

During the campaign, Kurz focused on his distaste for the immigration policy in not only Austria, but Europe.  He believes that immigration is the basis for a lot of Europe’s issues, and wants to put an end to it.  He added that if he couldn’t ban immigration completely, he’d make sure that immigrants lived under strict rules, like making sure all immigrants became fluent in German.  As of 2016, European countries have been working together to control immigration by having it channeled through the Balkans.  Kurz, as well as other countries in Europe believe that this will solve problems for them, immensely.

Once he was elected, Kurz made a daring and controversial decision to work with the Freedom Party, a left-winged and populist group that is a known “enemy” of the People’s Party.  While they have very different views, Kurz believes that unity will help to solve future issues.  The Freedom Party lost most of its following during the elections after Kurz became the official leader of the People’s Party.

While some of his followers are anti-Semitic, Kurz has no tolerance for it.  When asked about what to do about the issues, Kurz responded: “The battle against anti-Semitism and our policy of zero-tolerance against all anti-Semitic tendencies is very important to me…It is a clear pro-condition for the formation of any coalition under my leadership…” Kurz is supposed to meet with the President of Austria, Alexander Van der Bellen, on multiple occasions to discuss a best way to control the problem.

Sebastian, while young, is determined to find change for Austria.  His followers know he’s passionate about finding a common good for the country.  Sebastian is working to find a system that best suits Austria as a whole.  Eugen Freund stated: “Everything he does is styled to the last breath…Everything is thought through: every movement of his hands, the way he gazes at people with a slight forward tilt of the head as if to indicate his attention.  He does not leave anything to circumstance…”

Sebastian Kurz, a young and determined leader, has impressed his country, thus far.  His determined spirit has made his followers confident that he’ll make decisions with the country’s best interests in mind.

He is expected to be a strong and successful republican leader.